Speech Therapy: When is it needed and what techniques are available?

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Logopedic is a form of speech therapy aimed at stimulating speech and developing the articulation organs in preschool children.

Objectives of logorhythmics

  1. Correction of pronunciation

The most important task of logorhythmics is the correction of disorders in sound articulation in children with speech problems. The use of logorhythmic exercises and games develops children’s articulation abilities, strengthens the articulating organs (lips, tongue, soft palate) and helps them start pronouncing sounds correctly and clearly.

  1. Developing logical thinking

The use of logical games, puzzles, and tasks helps children learn to analyze the sounds they hear, recognize them in words, and remember the connection between letters and sounds.

  1. enriching vocabulary

In order to increase a child’s vocabulary, the speech therapist performs tasks and exercises with the child on recognizing and using a variety of sounds and words.

  1. Improving communication skills

To develop skills in speech therapy sessions, children do exercises that teach them how to express themselves and adapt their speech to different situations.

  1. Increasing self-esteem and motivation

During speech therapy sessions, speech therapists create a supportive and positive atmosphere in which the child with speech problems can gradually and unashamedly work on improving his or her pronunciation. The results of the speech work will give the child confidence in their abilities and increase their self-esteem.

When is logorhythmics needed?

Performing logorhythmic exercises will be useful to every child, because children with perfect pronunciation are very rare. Logorhythmics is most effective for children at an early age at the stage of speech formation (2.5-4 years). Especially important is the use of logorhythmics when working with children who have the following signs or violations that indicate the need for remedial work:

  • Stuttering or hereditary predisposition to it;
  • Congenital anomalies of the speech apparatus, such as “harelip” or “cleft palate;
  • Abnormal speed of speech (too fast or too slow);
  • Increased shyness or excessive withdrawal and communication problems;
  • Problems with motor skills and coordination of movements;
  • Dysarthria.

What are the technologies of logorhythmics?

Logorhythmics includes various techniques and tasks that contribute to the development and triggering of speech in children:

  • Articulation exercises and speech therapy – special exercises aimed at strengthening the articulation organs (soft palate, lips and tongue) and improving pronunciation.
  • Phonemic approach – exercises to develop the ability to recognize and distinguish sounds, which also helps children to improve pronunciation and articulation.
  • Logical games and tasks – using logical games that help develop logical thinking and learn to analyze sounds and words.
  • Modeling and imitation – demonstrating the correct pronunciation of sounds and words: children listen to literate speech and then try to repeat it.
  • Finger gymnastics – exercises that contribute to the development of fine motor skills, hearing and speech memory: children learn to gesture as they learn rhymes and songs.
  • Vocabulary development activities – storytelling exercises that help children learn to use words they already know and remember new ones.
  • Contextual use – exercises that focus on the correct use of words depending on the context and situation of the child.
  • Exercises for the development of mimicry – exercises that help the child to gain speech clarity and strengthen the articulation muscles.

The listed techniques of logorhythmics allow children to learn to speak clearly and competently, which contributes to their self-esteem and self-confidence.

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