Physical Therapy for Children – Features and Contraindications

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Pediatric physiotherapy offers a large number of procedures with a variety of effects on the body, which can be prescribed to children from the first days of life. As a rule, such procedures are prescribed to increase protective forces, treat and prevent diseases, the proper development of all systems in the body.

Techniques and techniques of physical therapy procedures differ from those that apply to adults.

For example, physical therapy procedures for infants do not last more than 5 minutes because the nervous system of babies is not yet finished forming, and her responses are rapidly depleted.

At what diseases in children physiotherapy is prescribed

Most often in children, physical therapy is used for the following diseases:

  • For diseases of the skin and navel in newborns (omphalitis, diaper rash, pyoderma)
  • For the treatment of phlegmon of newborns
  • For the treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis
  • For the consequences of birth trauma
  • For the prevention and treatment of rickets

For work with diseases of the nervous system (the consequences of neuroinfections, children’s cerebral palsy, peripheral nerves, craniocerebral injuries, neuromuscular dystrophy, etc.) mainly by methods of physical therapy: UHF therapy, amplipulse therapy, electrostimulation, drug electrophoresis, massage, UV radiation, LFC. In the presence of neurotic reactions, neurosis (tics, stuttering, enuresis, etc.) a good effect is obtained from the use of medical electrophoresis, endonasal galvanization, general UV radiation.

Widely used physical therapy techniques in the treatment of ENT diseases (tonsillitis, otitis, rhinosinusitis, etc.):

  • UV irradiation
  • Inhalation
  • Electric field SW
  • Drug electrophoresis
  • Ultrathonophoresis

Physiotherapeutic procedures may also be prescribed for the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system:

  • Myocarditis
  • Rheumatism
  • Cardiopathy
  • Arrhythmias
  • Heart defects
  • Arterial hypertension, etc.

Physiotherapy is also very common in the treatment and rehabilitation of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, namely:

  • Scoliotic disease
  • Congenital Clubfoot
  • Congenital dislocation of the hip
  • Osteochondropathy
  • Traumas
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, etc.

To work with diseases of the musculoskeletal system in children use:

  • UHF therapy
  • UV erythema
  • Medicated electrophoresis
  • Amplipulse therapy
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Massage

Physical therapy in children – preparation for procedures

Treatments should be carried out no earlier than 1 hour after a meal or 40 minutes before a meal. The child should be prepared psychologically, explaining the upcoming procedure.

Within one day, it is desirable to take no more than one general procedure, if necessary, you can add one local procedure, making a break of at least 2 hours. Taking into account the longer effect of exposure, children are prescribed longer intervals between courses.

Any physical therapy for children starts with minimal doses, gradually increasing the intensity to the desired value. During the procedure you should constantly monitor the child’s condition, take into account not only local reactions, but also changes in general well-being. For young children physiotherapy is allowed only in the presence of adults.

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